Dr C.J.E. Schulp

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+31 20 59 83082
faculteit der bètawetenschappen ( environmental geography )


Nynke’s research focuses on analyzing the links between ecosystem functioning and the demands for ecosystem services by society. translating ecosystem functions provided by biodiversity into ecosystem services on European and regional scale, using several spatially explicit modelling techniques. She developed a set of models for mapping ecosystem services that has been used to analyse policy options for a no net loss initiative, as well as in the Nature Outlook of the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. In HERCULES, Nynke works on assessing land use changes in cultural landscapes and their consequences on ecosystem service supply and demand. In her PhD, Nynke studied the impact of land use history, management and land use change on soil organic carbon stocks in the Netherlands.


Spatial modelling, ecosystem services, biodiversity, GIS, soil science, land use change, land use history. 

Academic training

2005 - 2009PhD, Land Dynamics group, Wageningen University. Thesis “The carbon copy of human activities – how long-term land use explains spatial variability of soil organic carbon stocks at multiple scales”
2000 - 2003MSc Soil science, Wageningen University
1997 - 2000BSc Soil, Water and Atmosphere, Wageningen University

Professional employment history

2012-presentResearcher/Assistant Professor, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
2010-2012Researcher, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
2005-2009PhD researcher, Land Dynamics Group, Wageningen University
2004Junior researcher, Land Dynamics group, Wageningen University

Recent projects

2014-2015Modelling ecosystem services for the PBL Nature Outlook
2013– presentHERCULES: Sustainable Futures for Europe's Heritage in Cultural Landscapes: Tools for understanding, managing, and protecting landscape functions and values.  www.hercules-landscapes.eu
2013Policy Options for a No Net Loss Initiative
2012-2015CONNECT: Linking biodiversity and ecosystem service value. www.connect-biodiversa.eu


2009First prize publication award of PE&RC research school for paper (Schulp and Veldkamp, 2008).

Selected publications

A complete and up-to-date publication list can be found here: https://scholar.google.nl/citations?user=KQgOEMcAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

Peer-reviewed scientific papers:

Wolff, S., Schulp, C.J.E. & Verburg, P.H. (2015). Mapping ecosystem services demand: A review of current research and future perspectives. Ecological Indicators, 55, 159–171. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.03.016. 

Schulp, C.J.E., Burkhard, B., Maes, J., van Vliet, J. & Verburg, P.H. (2014). Uncertainties in Ecosystem Service Maps: A Comparison on the European Scale. PLoS ONE, 9, e109643. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109643. 

Schulp, C.J.E, Thuiller, W. & Verburg, P.H. (2014). Wild food in Europe: A synthesis of knowledge and data of terrestrial wild food as an ecosystem service. Ecological Economics, 105, 292–305. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.06.018. 

Schulp, C.J.E., Lautenbach, S. & Verburg, P.H. (2014). Quantifying and mapping ecosystem services: Demand and supply of pollination in the European Union. Ecological Indicators, 36, 131–141. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.07.014. 

Serna-Chavez, H.M., Schulp, C.J.E., van Bodegom, P.M., Bouten, W., Verburg, P.H. & Davidson, M.D. (2014). A quantitative framework for assessing spatial flows of ecosystem services. Ecological Indicators, 39, 24–33. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.11.024.

Schulp, C.J.E. & Alkemade, R. (2011). Consequences of Uncertainty in Global-Scale Land Cover Maps for Mapping Ecosystem Functions: An Analysis of Pollination Efficiency. Remote Sensing,3, 2057–2075. DOI: 10.3390/rs3092057.      

Schulp, C.J.E. & Verburg, P.H. (2009). Effect of land use history and site factors on spatial variation of soil organic carbon across a physiographic region. Agriculture, Ecosystems and the Environment,133, 86–97. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2009.05.005.

Schulp, C.J.E. & Veldkamp, A. (2008). Long-term landscape-land use interactions as explaining factor for soil organic matter variability in Dutch agricultural landscapes. Geoderma,146, 457–465. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.06.016.

Schulp, C.J.E., Nabuurs, G.J., Verburg, P.H. & de Waal, R.W. (2008). Effect of tree species on carbon stocks in forest floor and mineral soil and implications for soil carbon inventories. Forest Ecology and Management,256, 482–490. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2008.05.007.

Schulp, C.J.E., Nabuurs, G.J. & Verburg, P.H. (2008). Future carbon sequestration in Europe: Effects of land use change. Agriculture, Ecosystems and the Environment,127, 251–264. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2008.04.010.

Verburg, P.H., Schulp, C.J.E., Witte, N. & Veldkamp, A. (2006). Downscaling of land use change scenarios to assess the dynamics of European landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and the Environment,114, 39–56. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2005.11.024.

Other publications

Tucker, G., Allen, B., Conway, M., Dickie, I., Hart, K., Rayment, M., Schulp, C.J E & van Teeffelen, A.JA. (2013). Policy Options for an EU No Net Loss Initiative. London: Institute for European Environmental Policy. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/biodiversity/nnl/pdf/Policy%20Options.pdf

Schulp, C.J.E. (2009). The carbon copy of human activities– how long-term land use explains spatial variability of soil organic carbon stocks at multiple scales. PhD thesis, Wageningen University. http://edepot.wur.nl/14356

van Zeijts, H., Overmars, K., van der Bilt, W., Schulp, C.J.E., Notenboom, J., Westhoek, H., Helming, J., Terluin, I. & Janssen, S. (2011). Greening the Common Agricultural Policy: impacts on farmland biodiversity on an EU scale. PBL report 500136005.

Ancillary activities

No ancillary activities
Last changes Ancillary activities: Amsterdam 27 januari 2017