All kinds of existing and new (European) policies influence society's sustainability. E.g. they affect the environment, the economy or institutions. Many tools (i.e. methodologies, models, approaches and appraisals) were developed to assess such policies either before or after they are implemented. Examples of such tools include Environmental Impact Assessment, Scenario Tools, Multicriteria Analysis, Cost Benefit Analysis and Accounting Tools. The SustainabilityA-Test project contributed to the EU's and national sustainable development strategies by applying a consistent and comprehensive evaluation framework to validate these tools. Its main result is a catalogue of state of the art tools. In addition, an array of tools was tested in a case study on biofuel policies. The project was succeeded by the European INDI-LINK project.

The SustainabilityA-Test project was lead by IVM and carried out by four Dutch partners, thirteen other European partners and one Canadian partner. It was commissioned by the EU FP6-STREP programme.

The key deliverables can be downloaded below:
- Final Case Study Report
Policy Brief Case Study 
- Policy Brief Integration and Synthesis

The following tools were assessed (click to download the corresponding report in PDF):
1. Assessment frameworks
1.1 EU Impact Assessment system
1.2 Environmental impact assessment
1.3 Strategic environmental assessment
1.4 Integrated Sustainability Assessment / Transition Management

2. Participatory tools
2.1 Electronic focus groups
2.2 Tools to inform debates, dialogues & deliberations
2.3 Consensus conference
2.4 Repertory grid technique
2.5 Interactive backcasting
2.6 Focus group
2.7 Delphi Survey
2.8 In-depth interviews
2.9 Citizen`s Jury

3. Scenario analysis
3.1 Trends
3.2 Cross Impact
3.3 Relevance trees and morphologic analysis
3.4 Modeling, simulating, training
3.5 Interactive brainstorming
3.6 Scenario workshops
3.7 Intergrated foresight management model
3.8 Ranking method

4. Multi-criteria analysis
4.1 Multi-attribute value theory
4.2 Weighted Summation
4.3 Analytic hierarchy process
4.4 Preference ranking organisation method for enrichment evaluations
4.5 Novel approach to imprecise assessment and decision environments
4.7 Dominance method
4.8 Software for MCA

5. Cost benefit analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis
5.1 Cost-benefit analysis
5.2 Travel costs
5.3 Hedonic pricing
5.4 Cost of illness
5.5 Contingent valuation
5.6 Averting expenditures
5.7 Contingent behavior
5.8 Market methods
5.9 Conjoint choice questions
5.10 Cost-effectiveness analysis

6. Modelling Tools
6.1 Family of socio-economic models
6.2 General economy models
6.3 Demographic models
6.4 Public health models
6.5 Partial economic models
6.6 Family of bio-physical models
6.7 Climate models
6.8 Biogeochemistry models
6.9 Hydrology models
6.10 Family of integrated models
6.11 Land use models
6.12 Integrated assessment models
6.13 Qualitative system analysis models
6.14 Scenario building and planning tools

7. Accounting tools, physical analysis tools and indicator sets
7.1 Measure of economic welfare
7.2 Sustainable national income
7.3 Genuine savings
7.4 National accounting matrix including environmental accounts
7.5 Index of sustainable economic welfare
7.6 Ecological footprint
7.7 Global land use accounting
7.8 Economy-wide MFA
7.9 Lifecycle assessment
7.10 Indicator sets for assessments
7.11 Vulnerability Assessment: Livelihood sensitivity approach

Contact information: Michiel van Drunen, Jan Bakkes

More information: INDI-LINKDEFINITE