Mr. T.F.M. Etty, LL.M



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+31 20 59 82902
a-630
t.f.m.etty@vu.nl
faculteit der aard- en levenswetenschappen ( dep. environmental policy analysis )
Researcher

Summary

Thijs Etty is a Researcher and Lecturer (tenured) in transnational environmental law and biotechnology regulation at the VU University Amsterdam (VU) Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), department of Environmental Policy Analysis. He also teaches EU law at the VU Faculty of Law, seconded as a lecturer in the Transnational Legal Studies department. He is also a visiting lecturer of EU environmental law and policy at Leiden University’s EU Studies MA Programme, and serves on the Academic Advisory Board of Leiden University’s International Studies BA Program.

At IVM, he is a member of the Global Environmental Governance Group. Previously, he was coordinator of the IVM cluster on European Law and Policy for Sustainability (ELPS), from 2007 to 2010, as well as the VU International Law Research Colloquium.

He is IVM’s institutional representative member of the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law, and a Research Fellow in various international academic networks, including the Global Governance Project, the Earth System Governance Network, the Ius Commune International Legal Research School, section Transnational Environmental Law, and the Research School for Socio-Economic and Natural Sciences of the Environment (SENSE).

Within his specialization of EU biotechnology regulation and environmental law, Thijs Etty is frequently consulted and cited as a key expert in his field by leading international news media (see selection below), his legal opinions and commentary has been cited in parliamentary enquiries in the Dutch Senate and Parliamentary committees, and he been consulted as a scientific expert advisor by invitation of the European Commission, the European Parliament, various political parties, and national and regional governmental and parliamentary bodies of various EU Member States. In 2010, he was appointed legal expert advisor to the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), to advise this leading EU advisory body on legislative proposals for future EU biotechnology policy.

His current main research interests include transnational environmental law, ‘new’ and multi-level governance modes in the EU, implementation and enforcement of EU environmental law, the trade and environment nexus, risk regulation and food (safety) policies, regulation of novel technologies including biotechnology and nanotechnology, GMO-crop coexistence governance, and environmental integration, climate mainstreaming and sustainable development in EU external relations and development cooperation policies. He has led or participated in various projects involving both fundamental and applied policy-oriented research in each of these policy areas, including EU-Commission funded projects, for the Dutch government, and for NGOs. He also works as an independent legal consultant for clients including civil society and environmental NGOs, government, EU institutions, and industry. His PhD on biotechnology law focuses on the emerging multi-level governance strategies for the coexistence between GM and non-GM agriculture and food production in the EU; a novel debate often referred to as the ‘final frontier’ of EU agricultural biotechnology policy.

As a lecturer, Thijs has taught and coordinated various graduate and undergraduate courses on subjects including basic EU law, biotechnology regulation, environmental law and policy at national, EU and international level, and risk and precaution. He has taught English and Dutch classes for students of diverse nationalities and disciplinary backgrounds, including law-students, non-lawyers, and interdisciplinary groups. Since 2003, his teaching has been awarded a career-average student evaluation score of 4.55/5.

Thijs Etty is an experienced editor and author with leading international publishers and journals. As of 2011, he is founding Editor-in-Chief (with Veerle Heyvaert, LSE) of Cambridge University Press’ new peer-reviewed Transnational Environmental Law Journal (TELJ). From 2003 to 2009, he was Editor-in-Chief of Oxford University Press’ Yearbook of European Environmental Law, having served on its editorial board, in various editorial positions, since its launch in 1998. He sits on editorial boards of several law journals, acts as reviewer for various journals and publishing houses, and has published articles and chapters in various international academic and professional journals and books. He is also co-author of the Dutch Handbook on EU Environmental Policy in the Netherlands (published by the Dutch Ministry of Environment), and lead author of its chapters on EU environmental policy-making; EU water policy; and EU biotechnology and GM food policy. He also authors the annual review chapter on European and international law and policy of biotechnology, for Oxford University Press’ Yearbook of International Environmental Law.

Thijs received his legal training at the law schools of New York University (NYU) (USA), the University of Amsterdam (NL), and the Radboud University Nijmegen (NL), where he obtained two Master of Laws degrees (LL.M.) in European & International Law (Nijmegen University), and in Dutch and Comparative Law (University of Amsterdam).

Before joining the VU University Amsterdam in August 2006, he worked at the other main university in the Dutch capital, the University of Amsterdam (UvA); at the Centre for Environmental Law and Sustainability (ACELS) and the Research Unit for Biotechnology Regulation Amsterdam (RUBRA). At the UvA, he held research associate and (junior) lecturer positions since February 2003, and before that a research assistant position since April 2000. Prior to that, since 1998, he worked as a research assistant with the department of European and international law at the Radboud University Nijmegen.

Expertise

European Union law; Transnational environmental law and policy; Agricultural biotechnology governance, including GMO foods; Risk regulation and novel technologies including nanotechnology; Food safety law and ethical and sustainable food production; Implementation and enforcement of EU environmental policy; Trade and environment nexus. Main focus on regulation and governance at EU level, but also relationships and interplay between EU, national and international levels and agencies of government.

Selection of Recent Popular Media Appearances

Reuters (EU/Global), 3 February 2011: ‘EU draft: States can ban GM crops for public order’.

The European Voice  (The Economist's weekly EU newspaper), 3 February 2011: ‘Growing GM crops ‘could pose a threat to public order', p. 5.

The New York Times (USA), 10 November 2010: ‘Setback Seen for E.U. Plan on Biotech Crops’.

The Guardian (UK), 15 November 2010: ‘Legal Doubts over EU Plans to Give States Choice on Whether to Grow GM’.

International Herald Tribune (EU), 11 November 2010: ‘Legal Wrangling Offers Opening for Biotech Crops in Europe:EU Could End Up with Stronger Hand to Approve Gene-Modified Food, p. 19.

The European Voice  (The Economist's weekly EU newspaper), 25 November 2010: ‘GM Agriculture Proposal Could Face Legal Challenge: Parliament's Lawyers Concerned about Plans, but Commission Wants States to Make Own GM Decisions’, p. 7.

Bridges Trade BioRes Newsletter, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), (Geneva, Switzerland), 7 February 2011: ‘EC Draft Outlines Possible Grounds for GM Crop Bans’, vol. 11, issue 2, pp. 1-2.

Biotech Legal Bulletin (USA), Shook, Hardy & Bacon LLP, 18 November 2010: ‘EU Legal Services Opinion Could Upset Proposed GM Laws’, pp. 6-7.

Bridges Trade BioRes Newsletter, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), (Geneva, Switzerland), 22 November 2010: ‘European Critics Turn Up Heat over Decentralised GM Proposal’, vol. 10, issue 21, pp. 10-11.

Radio1 Tros Nieuwsshow (NL), 17 July 2010. Dutch newsradio interview on EU Commission’s proposal to renationalize decisionmaking on GM-crop cultivation bans. Duration: 12 minutes.

NRC Handelsblad (NL), 15 July 2010: ‘De Europese Commissie wil ggo’s in Europa’ [The European Commission wants GMO’s in Europe], p. 15 and ‘EU: Land mag gengewassen zelf verbieden’ [EU: Member States empowered to prohibit GM crops], p. 13, also p. 1.

PresseEurope (EU), 14 July 2010: ‘GM, the Field is Open’.

NRC Next (NL), 16 July 2010: ‘We mogen straks zelf bepalen of we dit kweken’ [We will get to decide whether we will cultivate this or not’, pp. 10-11, and 1.

De Volkskrant (NL), 13 July 2010: Op-Ed article: ‘Brussel baant sluw de weg voor gentechnologie’ [Brussels slyly paves the way for agri-biotechnology], p. 18.

Agrarisch Dagblad (NL), 22 November 2010: ‘Regering moet duidelijkheid geven over transgene teelt’ [Government Should Provide Clarity about Transgenic Crop Cultivation]. 

Agrarisch Dagblad (NL), 10 July 2010: ‘Commissie stuurt aan op dubbelzinnige gentech-deal’ [EU Commission seeks ambiguous GM-deal], p. 2.

Défis Sud (France/Belgium), No. 96, August/September 2010: ‘Propositions sur les OGM: Les “strata-gènes” de la Commission européenne’ [GMO policy proposals: The “strate-genes” of the EU Commission], pp. 4-6.

Food & Beverage Litigation Update (USA), Shook, Hardy & Bacon LLP, 12 November 2010: ‘EU Legal Services Opinion Could Deal Blow to Proposed GM Laws’, p. 2.

 

Selected publications

Link to full publication list at IVM since 2006  

Books (Monographs & Edited Volumes)

Etty, T.F.M. (In progress). Regulating Agricultural Biotechnology in the EU: Towards an Integral Legal Regime for the Coexistence of GMO and Non-GMO Food production (working title). Monograph, contracted to be published.

Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, J. (eds.) (2008). TheYearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 8 (Oxford University Press), 700 pp. (Editor-in-Chief & Book Reviews Editor).

Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, J. (eds.) (2007). TheYearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 7 (Oxford University Press), 600 pp. (Editor-in-Chief & Book Reviews Editor).

Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, J. (eds.) (2006). The Yearbook of European Environmental Law,Volume 6, (Oxford University Press), 585 pp. (Editor-in-Chief & Book Reviews Editor).

Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, J. (eds.) (2005). The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 5, (Oxford University Press), 640 pp. (Editor-in-Chief).

Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, J. (eds.) (2004). The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 4, (Oxford University Press), 881 pp. (Editor-in-Chief & Current Survey Editor).

Somsen, J. & Etty, T.F.M., et al (ed.), (2003). The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 3, (Oxford University Press), 1050 pp. (Current Survey Editor).

Somsen, J. & Etty, T.F.M., et al (2002). The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 2, (Oxford University Press), 800 pp. (Assistant Editor).

Somsen, J. & Etty, T.F.M., et al (2000). The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 1, (Oxford University Press), 740 pp. (Assistant Editor).

Articles / Book Chapters / Research Reports / Book Reviews

Etty, T.F.M. (forthcoming), ‘A Brave New World for Biotechnology in the EU: Or Does the Emperor Have New Clothes?’, 13(2) Environmental Law Review.

Etty, T.F.M. (forthcoming), ‘The Development of EU Environmental Policy’, in F.H. Oosterhuis, T.F.M. Etty, and N.M. van der Grijp (eds.), Handboek Implementatie Milieubeleid EU in Nederland [Handbook of EU Environmental Policy Implementation in the Netherlands] (The Hague: Ministry of the Environment).

Etty, T.F.M. (forthcoming), ‘International Biotechnology Law and Policy: Year in Review (2010)', in O.K. Fauchald, D. Hunter, and W. Xi (eds.), Yearbook of International Environmental Law, Volume 21 (Oxford University Press).

Etty, T.F.M. (2011), ‘Experimentalist Governance in the European Union: Towards a New Architecture’, Review of Charles Sabel & Jonathan Zeitlin, eds. (Oxford University Press, 2010),Journal of Common Market Studies, 49(2).

Etty, T.F.M. (2011), ‘Review of European Environmental Law, 3rd Edn, by J.Jans & H. Vedder (Europa Law Publishing, 2008)’, International Environmental Law eJournal, 3(1), pp. 1-4.

Etty, T.F.M. (2011), ‘International Biotechnology Law and Policy: Year in Review (2009)', in O.K. Fauchald, D. Hunter, and W. Xi (eds.), Yearbook of International Environmental Law, Volume 20 (Oxford University Press).

Etty, T.F.M. (2010), ‘EU Water Law and Policy and its Implementation in the Netherlands’, in F.H. Oosterhuis, T.F.M. Etty, N.M. van der Grijp and H.D. van Asselt (eds.), Handboek Implementatie Milieubeleid EU in Nederland [Handbook of EU Environmental Policy Implementation in the Netherlands] (The Hague: Ministry of the Environment)

Etty, T.F.M. (2010), ‘EU Biotechnology Law and Policy and its Implementation in the Netherlands’, in F.H. Oosterhuis, T.F.M. Etty, N.M. van der Grijp and H.D. van Asselt (eds.), Handboek Implementatie Milieubeleid EU in Nederland [Handbook of EU Environmental Policy Implementation in the Netherlands] (The Hague: Ministry of the Environment).

Etty, T.F.M. (2010), ‘Brussel baant sluw de weg voor gentechnologie’ [Brussels cunningly paves the way for agri-biotechnology], De Volkskrant (Netherlands), 13 July 2010. Newspaper opinion editorial article, p. 18.

F.H. Oosterhuis, T.F.M. Etty, N.M. van der Grijp and H.D. van Asselt (eds.) (2010), Handboek Implementatie Milieubeleid EU in Nederland [Handbook of EU Environmental Policy Implementation in the Netherlands] (The Hague: Ministry of the Environment).

Etty, T.F.M. (2010), ‘International Biotechnology Law and Policy: Year in Review (2008)', in O.K. Fauchald & D. Hunter (eds.), The Yearbook of International Environmental Law, Volume 19 (Oxford University Press), pp. 402-414.

Van der Grijp, N. and T.F.M. Etty (2010), ‘Mainstreaming Climate Change into EU Development Cooperation’, in J. Gupta & N. van der Grijp (eds.), Mainstreaming Climate Change in Development Cooperation: Theory, Practice and Implications for the European Union (Cambridge University Press), pp. 169-205.

Etty, T.F.M. (2010), ‘Review of J.Jans & H. Vedder, European Environmental Law, 3rd Edn. (Europa Law Publishing, 2008), European Law Review, 35(1), pp. 112-116.

Etty, T.F.M. (2009), ‘Year in Review (2007): International Biotechnology Law and Policy', O.K. Fauchald & D. Hunter (eds.), Yearbook of International Environmental Law, Volume 18 (Oxford University Press), pp. 501-531

Etty, T.F.M. (2008), Legal Brief – On Coexistence: Best National Practices for Regulating the Cultivation of GMOs in Europe. Consultancy report (Etty Legal Consultancy) commissioned by Greenpeace International.

Etty, T.F.M. (2008), Year in Review (2006): International Biotechnology Law and Policy', in J. Werksman, J. & Fauchald, O.K. (eds.), The Yearbook of International Environmental Law, Volume 17  (pp. 521-546). Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Etty, T.F.M. (2008), ‘Current Survey (2006) of Substantive EC Environmental Law: Biotechnology’. In Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, H. (eds.), The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 8 (pp. 364-402). Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Etty, T.F.M. & H. Somsen, (2008). Editors’ Preface, in T.F.M. Etty & H. Somsen (eds.), The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 8 (Oxford University Press), pp. vii-xii.

Etty, T.F.M. (2007), ‘Legal Brief – On Safeguard Restrictions or Prohibitions of the Cultivation and Use of GMOs under EC Law’. Consultancy report (Etty Legal Consultancy) commissioned by Greenpeace International.

Etty, T.F.M. (2007), ‘Year in Review (2005): International Biotechnology Law and Policy'. In Werksman, J.  & Fauchald, O.K. (eds.), The Yearbook of International Environmental Law, Volume 16 (pp. 497-514).

Etty, T.F.M. & H. Somsen, (2007). Editors’ Preface, in T.F.M. Etty & H. Somsen (eds.), The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 7 (Oxford University Press), pp. vii-ix

Etty, T.F.M. (2007), ‘Current Survey (2005) of Substantive EC Environmental Law: Biotechnology’, in T.F.M. Etty & H. Somsen (eds.), The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 7 (Oxford University Press), pp. 245-286. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Etty, T.F.M. (2006). Year in Review ('04): International Biotechnology Law and Policy. In Werksman, J. & Fauchald, O.K. (eds.), Yearbook of International Environmental Law, Volume 15 (pp. 347-64). Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Etty, T.F.M., (2006). Current Survey (2004) of Substantive EC Environmental law: Biotechnology. In Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, J. (eds.), Yearbook of European Environ- mental Law, Volume 6. (pp. 245-87). Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Etty, T.F.M. & H. Somsen, (2006). Editors’ Preface, in T.F.M. Etty & H. Somsen (eds.), The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 6 (Oxford University Press), pp. vii-ix

Etty, T.F.M., (2006). Genetisch gemodificeerde organismen op de Gemeenschapsmarkt en in het Nederlandse milieu: een overzicht van het juridische kader voor de doelbewuste introductie van ggo'-s. Milieu & Recht, 32(10), 68-76. [Genetically Modified Organisms on the European Community Market and in the Dutch Environment: An Overview of the Legal Framework for the Deliberate Re-lease of GMOs] in [Environment & Law].

Etty, T.F.M., (2006). Annotatie bij ABRvS 21 dec. 2005, Stichting Greenpeace t. Staatssecretaris VROM – Veldproef vergunning genetisch gemodificeerde appelbomen. Milieu & Recht, 32(10), 129-33. [‘Case Comment – Field Trial Permit for GM Appletrees’.] [Environment & Law.]

Etty, T.F.M., (2005). Current Survey (2003) of Substantive EC Environmental law: Biotechnology. In Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, J. (eds.), Yearbook of European Environ- mental Law, Volume 5. (pp. 287-326). Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Etty, T.F.M. & H. Somsen, (2005). Editors’ Preface, in T.F.M. Etty & H. Somsen (eds.), The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 5 (Oxford University Press), pp. vii-ix

Etty, T.F.M., (2004). Nieuwe ronde, nieuwe kansen voor ggo’s in Europa?: Verordeningen (EG) Nrs. 1829/2003 en 1830/2003 inzake GG levensmiddelen en diervoeder & traceerbaarheid en etiketering van GGO’s. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Europees Recht, 10(10), 21-31. [‘New Round, New Chances for GMOs in Europe?: Regulations (EC) Nos. 1829/2003 and 1830/2003 on GM Food and Feed & the Traceability and Labeling of GMOs’] in the [Netherlands Journal for European Law].

Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, J. (2004), ‘GM Food Battle: The Score after Monsanto Italia - Comment on Case C-236/01: Monsanto Agricoltura SpA v. Prezidenza del Consiglio dei Ministeri’. 13(1) European Environmental Law Review, pp. 3-18

Etty, T.F.M., (2004). Annotatie Zaak C-236/01: Monsanto Agricoltura SpA t. Prezidenza del Consiglio dei Ministeri. Tijdschrift voor Europees en Economisch Recht, 52(10) SEW, 437-41. [Case Com-ment: Case C-236/01: Monsanto Agricoltura etc] in [Journal for European and Economic Law].

Etty, T.F.M., Dimitrov, S., Oomens, M. & Somsen, H., (2004). Regulating Biotechnology. Journal of International Biotechnology Law, 1(4), 174-6.

Etty, T.F.M. Dimitrov, S., Oomens, M. & Somsen, H., (2004). Regulating Biotechnology. Bio-Science Law Review, 6(4), 174-6.

Etty, T.F.M. & H. Somsen, (2004). Editors’ Preface, in T.F.M. Etty & H. Somsen (eds.), The Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 4 (Oxford University Press), pp. vii-xii

Etty, T.F.M., (2004). Current Survey (2002) of Substantive EC Environmental law: Biotechnology. In Etty, T.F.M. & Somsen, J. (eds.), Yearbook of European Environmental Law, Volume 4 (pp. 395-410). Oxford, Oxford University Press.