EU Policy on Genetically Modified (GM) Food Crops: Hard or Soft Law?
With his statement "No new legal rights for Member States to prohibit GM agriculture" IVM researcher Thijs Etty comments on EU policy shift to renationalize genetically modified crop cultivation. Thijs Etty's research focuses on EU environmental law and biotechnology governance.
Plastics - unwrapping a new research topic at IVM
Plastics have so fantastically revolutionized our lifestyles since their wide-scale introduction in the mid-20th century that we can hardly imagine life without them. Yet the very properties that make them outstanding materials also contribute to an emerging pollution problem for the environment.
Assessing global costs for climate change adaptation
Even if global emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases were stabilised today, human-induced climate change will continue for many centuries. The most recent estimates of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) project a likely range of temperature increase of between 1.1 and 6.4°C by the end of the 21st century.
Modeling fossil fuel availability and price
The price and supply of fossil fuels are two key issues that are inter-related in the climate change problem. The extent to which fossil fuels will be extracted greatly determines the potential of the future anthropogenic CO2 emissions, whereas price greatly determines the rate at which low carbon substitutes - such as hydrogen technologies - are used.