No 1 March 2012

Exploring Grassland Management


01_12Biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation are often seen as conflicting objectives. The conservation-poverty debate lacks quantitative empirical evidence to support conclusions. In two separate rangeland studies in South Africa and Mongolia, the Department of Environmental Economics together with The Nature Conservancy (TNC) measured the environmental and socio-economic impacts of community-based grassland management and dentified key factors to their success.

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More vegetarian lifestyles can be facilitated by government


02_12Food production and consumption have the single largest environmental impact of all human activities. Particularly, the growing demand for meat, fish and other foods derived from animal protein are problematic. A cultural perspective reveals that the dominance of animal foods is still recent and that there are various options for policy makers in government and industry to facilitate behavior change.

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Tradeoffs between biodiversity conservation, climate adaptation and ecosystem service provision


03_12Ecosystem services are one of the main research themes in IVM. Besides a strong expertise in the monetary valuation of ecosystem services IVM now has conducted research on the way in which climate change adaptation measures have synergistic and conflicting impacts on biodiversity conservation and the provision of ecosystem services. Many adaptation measures, which aim at reducing the increased risks for flooding as result of climate change, require changes in land use and land use management.

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DENAMIC, an IVM coordinated EU project


04_12Various epidemiological studies have indicated that exposure to chemicals during human development can have deleterious effects on cognitive development in childhood. DENAMIC (Developmental neurotoxicity assessment of mixtures in children) is a new European research project, coordinated by IVM, in which 45 researchers from 14 European institutes study effects of chemicals on children.

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