Dynamics of Vulnerability: From single to multi-hazard risk across spatial scales

09/17/2020

11.45

Aula

Dynamics of Vulnerability: From single to multi-hazard risk across spatial scales

M.C. de Ruiter

Prof. J.C.J.H. Aerts and Prof. P.J. Ward

Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM)

Earth and Life Sciences

PhD conferral

Abstract:

The number of recorded disasters caused by natural hazards has more than doubled since 1980. Floods and earthquakes often lead the charts of being the most damaging natural hazard types and the damages they cause are likely to continue to increase. The impacts of disasters may increase in the future due to changes in hazard as a result of climate change, and exposure as a result of socioeconomic development and population growth. However, while much research has focused on changing hazard and exposure conditions, few studies account for the temporal dynamics in vulnerability through for example, consecutive disasters or the implementation of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) measures. This thesis assesses the dynamics of local vulnerability, specifically related to consecutive disasters and the implementation of DRR measures. The results of this thesis support the need for a paradigm shift to perceive risk more holistically, accounting for different hazards and temporal dynamics.